Disability Law Ohio

Employment discrimination because of disability is against the law in Ohio. All Ohioans have the right to equal employment opportunities. Employment laws are very complicated, however. The legal definitions of discrimination and disability are still being argued in court case after court case. Additionally, you only have a limited time to assert your rights. If you do not do so within the time allowed, you may lose your rights.

Ohio law says disability: "means a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, including the functions of caring for one's self, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, learning, and working; a record of a physical or mental impairment; or being regarded as having a physical or mental impairment."

Ohio law also states that discrimination: "includes, but is not limited to, segregating or separating, according different treatment, or taking actions fair in form but which have a disparate impact, on the basis of membership in a protected class."

What To Do If You Feel You Have Been Discriminated Against

If you believe that your employer has discriminated against you because of your disability, you should act quickly to protect your rights, and seek the advice of a qualified attorney. You may choose to resolve the dispute informally, you may file complaints with government agencies, or you may sue the employer in court.

The Need to Act Quickly

Given the complexity of employment discrimination law, and the fact that it is regulated by federal, local and state laws, and enforced by several federal and state agencies, many of whom have deadlines for taking action, it is imperative to consult with an attorney as quickly as possible and initiate any necessary action or actions. Laws against employment discrimination typically only allow limited timeframes in which to file complaints or lawsuits. When the time periods ends you may lose your right to file complaints or lawsuits against the employer, and may no longer be eligible for any remedies that would otherwise be due you.

Federal And State Agencies

You may also complain to federal and state agencies. The federal Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC must receive your complaint within 300 days of the employer's discrimination, whereas the Ohio Civil Rights Commission (OCRC) must receive your complaint within 6 months of the discrimination in question.


The EEOC requires a complaint be filed before your lawsuit, and your lawsuit must be filed within 90 days of receiving your right-to-sue letter from the EEOC, whereas the state has no such requirement.